As many legacy automakers join a slew of new and established EV manufacturers in committing to an all-electric future for passenger vehicles, the transition for consumers continues to rise. While we are still quite a ways away from a world of roads dominated by BEVs, the graph of this transition continues to trend upward. Below is where the US currently stands in total EV registrations, broken down state by state. We’ve also compared last year’s results to see how far your state has grown.

How the data was gathered

To determine the number of EV registrations in the US, we consulted data from the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) through the US Department of Energy website.

The data was last updated in June of 2022 and represented all registered EVs in the US as of December 31st, 2021. For that reason, we are comparing our data from 2020 registrations to 2021. In 2023, we will update this list again and compare YOY growth with 2022 registrations.

Note that this data includes BEVs only and does not account for any hybrids or PHEVs.

Current EV registrations in the US, sorted by state

State # of EV registrations (2020) Percent of total EVs (2020) # of EV registrations (2021) Percent of total EVs (2021) YOY Growth
Alabama 2,890 0.30% 4,750 0.33% +64.40%
Alaska 940 0.09% 1,290 0.09% +37.23%
Arizona 28,770 2.80% 40,740 2.80% +41.61%
Arkansas 1,330 0.13% 2,390 0.16% +79.70%
California 425,300 42% 563,070 38.71% +32.40%
Colorado 24,670 2.4% 37,000 2.54% +50.00%
Connecticut 9,040 0.90% 13,350 0.92% +47.70%
Delaware 1,950 0.20% 3,010 0.21% +54.40%
District of Columbia 2,360 0.23% 3,700 0.25% +56.80%
Florida 58,160 5.7% 95,640 6.58% +64.44%
Georgia 23,530 2.3% 34,020 2.34% +44.58%
Hawaii 10,670 1.1% 14,220 0.98% +33.30%
Idaho 2,300 0.23% 3,500 0.24% +52.20%
Illinois 26,000 2.6% 36,520 2.51% +40.50%
Indiana 6,990 0.70% 10,360 0.71% +48.21%
Iowa 2,260 0.22% 3,660 0.25% +62.00%
Kansas 3,130 0.31% 4,500 0.31% +43.77%
Kentucky 2,650 0.26% 4,220 0.29% +59.30%
Louisiana 1,950 0.19% 3,180 0.22% +63.10%
Maine 1,920 0.19% 3,040 0.21% +58.33%
Maryland 17,970 1.8% 25,630 1.76% +42.63%
Massachusetts 21,010 2.1% 30,470 2.09% +45.03%
Michigan 10,620 1% 17,460 1.20% +64.41%
Minnesota 10,380 1% 15,000 1.03% +44.51%
Mississippi 780 0.08% 1,310 0.09% +68.00%
Missouri 6,740 0.66% 10,050 0.69% +49.11%
Montana 940 0.09% 1,650 0.11% +75.53%
Nebraska 1,810 0.18% 2,710 0.19% +49.72%
Nevada 11,040 1.1% 17,380 1.19% +57.43%
New Hampshire 2,690 0.26% 4,000 0.28% +48.70%
New Jersey 30,420 3% 47,830 3.29% +57.23%
New Mexico 2,620 0.26% 4,150 0.29% +58.40%
New York 32,590 3.2% 51,870 3.57% +59.16%
North Carolina 16,190 1.6% 25,190 1.73% +55.60%
North Dakota 220 0.02% 380 0.03% +72.73%
Ohio 14,530 1.4% 21,200 1.46% +45.91%
Oklahoma 3,410 0.34% 7,180 0.49% +111.00%
Oregon 22,850 2.2% 30,290 2.08% +32.60%
Pennsylvania 17,530 1.7% 26,770 1.84% +52.71%
Rhode Island 1,580 0.16% 2,550 0.18% +61.39%
South Carolina 4,390 0.43% 7,440 0.51% +69.50%
South Dakota 410 0.04% 680 0.05% +66.00%
Tennessee 7,810 0.80% 12,160 0.84% +55.70%
Texas 52,190 5.1% 80,900 5.56% +55.01%
Utah 11,230 1.1% 16,480 1.13% +46.75%
Vermont 2,230 0.22% 3,370 0.23% +51.12%
Virginia 20,510 2% 30,660 2.11% +49.50%
Washington 50,520 5% 66,810 4.59% +32.30%
West Virginia 600 0.06% 1,010 0.07% +68.33%
Wisconsin 6,310 0.62% 9,330 0.64% +47.90%
Wyoming 330 0.03% 510 0.04% +54.60%
TOTAL 1,019,260 100% 1,454,480 100% +42.70%
Numbers recent of December 31st, 2021
Source: Vehicle registration counts derived by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory with data from Experian Information Solutions

Top three states with the most registered EVs (as of 12/31/21)

  • California – 563,070 (+137,770 EVs YOY)
  • Florida – 95,640 (+37,480 EVs YOY)
  • Texas – 80,900 (+28,710 EVs YOY)

It’s no wonder that these top three states have the most registered EVs since they have some of the highest state populations in the US. They also have some of the highest numbers of registered ICE vehicles and trucks in the US too.

Bottom three states for registered EVs (as of 12/31/21)

  • North Dakota – 380 (+160 EVs YOY)
  • Wyoming – 510 (+180 EVs YOY)
  • South Dakota –680 (+270 EVs YOY)

The bottom three states showcase a similar, yet inverse pattern. These are states with smaller populations and thus fewer vehicles on the road. That being said, Washington D.C. has more than double the number of registered EVs of all three of these states combined.

Despite abysmal numbers in these states, their year-over-year numbers are still encouraging. Each saw at least 54% growth and North Dakota lead this group with a 72.73 % increase YOY.

Top three states who saw the most growth year-over-year (2020 vs 2021)

  • Oklahoma (+111% YOY)
  • Arkansas (+79.70% YOY)
  • Montana (+75.53% YOY)

Overall, EV adoption in the US is growing, state by state, and these numbers above help prove it. Overall EV registrations were up over 42% in 2021 compared to 2020, and every state saw YOY growth of at least 32%, although most were much higher.

Because this data pertains to 2021, we are confident we will see even larger growth when comparing 2022 numbers as the US has recently surpassed the 5% threshold of EV share of the entire market, a number many have labeled as the critical mass tipping point for widespread adoption.

We will need to get through 2022 before we can compare those numbers, but in the meantime, here are some resources to help keep you in the know:

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About the Author

Scooter Doll

Scooter Doll is a writer, designer and tech enthusiast born in Chicago and based on the West Coast. When he’s not offering the latest tech how tos or insights, he’s probably watching Chicago sports.
Please send any tips or suggestions, or dog photos to him at scooter@9to5mac.com