Fuel taxes at the pump have theoretically been used to finance highway maintenance, but electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids using less or no gas at all are not contributing to this fund. Most states are trying to encourage EV and PHEV sales due to their numerous advantages, both environmental and economical, some even by offering financial incentives, which would make it counterintuitive to tax over these incentives.
But several states moved forward with an annual fee. Here’s the full list: Most fees are for all-electric and plug-in hybrids, Idaho even has a tax for conventional hybrids without a plug.
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