As sales of electric vehicles continue to surge, many new and prospective customers have questions about qualifying for federal tax credit on electric vehicles.

Whether you qualify is not a simple yes or no question… well, actually it sort of is, but the amount you may qualify for varies by household due to a number of different factors. Furthermore, there are other potential savings available to you that you might not even know about yet.

Truthfully, this information is out there in the internet ether, but only available by piecemeal and thorough searching. Luckily, we have compiled everything you need to know about tax credits for your new or current electric vehicle into one place.

The goal is to help ensure you are receiving the maximum value on your carbon-conscious investment because, let’s face it, you’ve gone green and you deserve it.

How does a federal tax credit work for my EV?

The idea in theory is quite simple — “All electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles that were purchased new in or after 2010 may be eligible for a federal income tax credit of up to $7,500,” according to the US Department of Energy.

With that said, you cannot simply go out and buy an electric vehicle and expect Uncle Sam to cut $7,500 off your taxes in April. In reality, the amount you qualify for is based on both your income tax as well as the size of the electric battery in the vehicle you own. Here’s how it works.

Carbon friendly

How much is the federal tax credit?

First and foremost, it’s important to understand three little words the government slips in front of the $7,500 credit – “may” and “up to.” As in, you may qualify for up to $7,500 in federal tax credit for your electric vehicle. At first glance, this credit may sound like a simple flat rate, but that is unfortunately not the case.

While the credit amount is based on battery size, the amount of that credit you can receive is based entirely on your federal income tax and is implemented as such.

For example, if you owned a Nissan LEAF and owed say, $3,500 in income tax this year, then that is the federal tax credit you would receive. If you owed $10,000 in federal income tax, then you would qualify for the full $7,500 credit.

It’s important to note that any unused portion of the $7,500 is not available as a refund, nor as a credit for next year’s taxes. Bummer.

Nissan LEAF price

Other federal tax credit rules to note as an electric vehicle owner

Hopefully you now understand how the government determines its tax credits for individuals based on your federal income tax and vehicle, but it’s important to stay aware of additional fine print. This is the US government, after all.

First, understand that these federal tax credits will not last forever, and they may have already expired for your vehicle. As the demand for electric vehicles increases, sales push certain manufacturers over the predetermined threshold of qualified sales.

For example, US automaker Tesla topped over 200,000 qualified plug-in electrics sold a few years ago, and as a result no longer qualifies for any federal tax credit… at least for now. Fear not, Tesla owners, there are still ways to save money on your EV purchase! See the “tax incentives for Tesla buyers” section below.

Another important rule to keep in mind is that the federal tax credit cannot be passed on. This credit applies to the original registered owner only. That means any used EVs you already have or are going to purchase are already disqualified.

Same rules apply to any lease on an electric vehicle as well. In this case, the tax credit goes to the manufacturer that’s offering the lease to you. However, an automaker might be willing to apply the tax credit into the cost of your lease to help lower your payments, but that’s not guaranteed. It’s definitely worth an ask!

Can a household receive multiple Federal tax credits?

Several readers have reached out and asked if they qualify for multiple tax breaks if they purchase more than one EV in a calendar year. Well, the short answer is yes.

However, we must preface this by relaying that the IRS is the official source for all Federal tax information and responsible for administering the Federal plug-in vehicle tax credits. It is best to consult with a qualified tax professional to make sure you do in fact qualify before purchasing multiple electric vehicles.

That being said, the fueleconomy.gov team was not aware of any limitations on the number of vehicles you may claim tax credits for provided that you have enough Federal tax burden for that purchase year.

So, if two people in your household each purchase an eligible vehicle and both have $7,500 in Federal tax burden, then each should be able to claim the tax credit.

If a single person purchases two eligible plug-in electric vehicles with tax credits up to $7,500 for each vehicle, they should be able to claim $15,000 in tax credits if their Federal tax burden is $15,000 or more for calendar year in which they purchased those vehicles.

Again, speak with a tax professional or the IRS to be extra sure this is possible.

The Biden administration looks to expand electric vehicles

President Biden has been busy during his short tenure at President of the United States. First he vowed to make the nation’s entire federal fleet all electric. Well that hasn’t quite gone to plan yet. However, the White House has already introduced two bills to expand EV adoption, one of which was just recently signed by the President and includes funding for heavily expanded EV charging infrastructure.

Previously, there were rumors that this federal tax credit will be increased to $10,000. In President Biden’s recent $174 billion investment plan for electrification, the tax credit was quickly mentioned a reform. The summary remained vague about the reform – only confirming that it will not only take the form of tax rebates but also “point of sale rebates” and it will now be for “American-made EVs.”

The second and larger bill currently sill sits in the US House of Representatives and contain’s Biden’s “Build Back Better Act” and subsequent increases to the federal tax credit. Here’s where it currently stands.

Status of the $12,500 federal tax credit for EVs

When the aforementioned $1.2 trillion infrastructure bill was passed in early November, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi had planned to also vote on the $1.75 trillion “Build Back Better Act” and the $12,500 federal EV tax credit within it.

However, a small group of moderates in the House refused to support the legislation without a cost estimate from the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). As a compromise, the House approved a procedural vote required to open Biden’s “Build Back Better Act” to passage, following an official CBO cost estimate.

Those moderates opposed all signed an assurance that they would vote in favor of passage once the score is released. This vote for the larger overall spending package should take place when Congress resumes the week of Thanksgiving.

The Build Back Better Act and its potential $12,500 EV credit still await passage following official Congressional approval. A lot can change between now and the signature in the oval office, but here are the latest terms introduced during the last Congressional meeting.

Note – these exact terms are not confirmed until the bill has been officially passed:

  • Federal tax credit for EVs jumps from $7,500 to up to $12,500
    • Keep the $7,500 incentive for new electric cars for 5 years
    • Add an additional $4,500 for EVs assembled in the US using union labor
    • Another $500 for EVs using battery packs with 50% of components (including cells) made in the US
  • Zero-emission vans, SUVs and trucks with MSRPs up to $80,000 qualify (increased from previous policy)
  • Electric sedans priced up to $55,000 MSRP qualify (stays the same)
  • The full EV tax credit will be available to individuals reporting adjusted gross incomes of $250,000 or less, $500,000 for joint filers (decreased from $400,000 for individuals/$800,000 for joint filers currently in place)
  • EVs must be made in the US starting in 2027 to qualify for any of the $12,500 credit
  • Eliminates tax credit cap after automakers hit 200,000 EVs sold, making GM and Tesla once again eligible

We will continue to follow its progress and update this page with the latest as it hopefully moves forward.

Does your electric vehicle qualify for tax credit?

Now that you understand what hurdles you may have to overcome to qualify for the federal tax credit, let’s see how much that EV in your driveway might be able to save you this year.

Please note that these qualifying vehicles are relevant at the time this post has been published. We will update this page as the vehicles and their designated credits change.

All-electric vehicles

Make and Model Full Tax Credit
AUDI
e-tron Sportback (2020-2022) $7,500
e-tron SUV (2019, 2021-2022) $7,500
BMW
i3 Sedan (2014-2021) $7,500
i3s (2018-2021) $7,500
BYD
e6 (2012-2017) $7,500
FIAT
500e (2013-2019) $7,500
FORD
Focus EV (2012-2018) $7,500
Mustang Mach-E (all 2021 trims) $7,500
GENERAL MOTORS (GM)
Not currently eligible for these tax credits –––––
HYUNDAI
Ioniq Electric (2017-2021) $7,500
Kona Electric (2019-2022) $7,500
JAGUAR
I-Pace (2019-2022) $7,500
KANDI
EX3 (2019-2021) $7,500
K22 (2019-2020) $7,500
K23 (2020-2022) $7,500
K27 (2020-2022) $7,500
KIA
Niro EV (2019-2021) $7,500
Soul Electric (2015-2020) $7,500
MERCEDES-BENZ
B-Class EV (2014-2017) $7,500
MINI
Cooper S E Hardtop 2 & 4 Door (2020-2022) $7,500
MITSUBISHI
i-MiEV (2012, 2014, 2016, 2017) $7,500
NISSAN
LEAF (2011-2022) $7,500
POLESTAR
Polestar 2 (2021) $7,500
Polestar 2 Long Range – Single & Dual Motor (2022) $7,500
PORSCHE
Taycan (2020-2021) $7,500
RIVIAN
R1T (2022) $7,500
SMART USA
EQ fortwo Coupe (2019) $7,500
EQ fortwo Cabrio (2019) $7,500
TESLA
Not currently eligible for these tax credits –––––
TOYOTA
RAV4 EV (2012-2014) $7,500
VOLKSWAGEN
e-Golf (2015-2019) $7,500
ID.4 EV (First/Pro/Pro S) (2021) $7,500
VOLVO
XC40 Recharge Pure Electric (2021-2022) $7,500
Updated 11/16/2021 – Latest changes are in bold
Geely electric pickup
The new Rivian R1T Pickup / Source: Rivian

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles

Note: Here are some of the more popular models. The US Department of Energy offers the full detailed list on its website.

Make and Model Full Tax Credit
AUDI
A3 e-tron / e-tron ultra (2016-2018) $4,502
A7 55 TFSI e Quattro (2021) $6,712
A7 TFSI e Quattro (2022) $7,500
A8L PHEV (2020) $6,712
A8L 60 TFSI e Quattro (2021) $6,712
Q5 PHEV (2020) $6,712
Q5 55 TFSI e Quattro (2021) $6,712
Q5 TFSI e Quattro (2022) $7,500
BENTLEY
Bentayga Hybrid (2020-2021) $7,500
BMW
i3 Sedan w/ Range Extender (2014-2021) $7,500
i3s w/ Range Extender (2018-2021) $7,500
BMW i8 (2014-2017) $3,793
i8 Coupe/Roadster (2018-2020) $5,669
X3 xDrive30e (2020-2021) $5,836
X5 xDrive40e (2016-2018) $4,668
X5 xDrive45e (2021-2022) $7,500
330e (2016-2018) $4,001
330e/330e xDrive (2021-2022) $5,836
530e/530e xDrive (2018-2019) $4,668
530e/530e xDrive (2020-2022) $5,836
740e (2017) $4,668
740e xDrive (2018-2019) $4,668
745e xDrive (2020-2022) $5,836
CHRYSLER
Pacifica Plug-In Hybrid (2017-2022) $7,500
FERRARI
SF90 Stradale (2020-2021) $3,501
FISKER AUTOMOTIVE
Karma Sedan (2012) $7,500
FORD
C-Max Energi (2013-2017) $4,007
Fusion Energi (2013-2018) $4,007
Fusion Energi (2019-2020) $4,609
Escape Plug-in Hybrid (2020-2021) $6,843
GENERAL MOTORS (GM)
Not currently eligible for these tax credits –––––
HONDA
Accord Plug-in Hybrid (2014) $3,626
Clarity Plug-in Hybrid (2018-2021) $7,500
HYUNDAI
Ioniq Plug-in Hybrid (2018-2022) $4,543
Sonata Plug-in Hybrid (2016-2019) $4,919
Tucson Plug-in Hybrid (2022) $6,587
Santa Fe Plug-in Hybrid (2022) $6,587
JEEP
Wrangler Unlimited PHEV (2021-2022) $7,500
KARMA
Revero (2018-2020) $7,500
KIA
Niro Plug-in Hybrid (2018-2021) $4,543
Optima Plug-in Hybrid (2017-2020) $4,919
Sorento Plug-in Hybrid (2022) $6,587
LAND ROVER
Range Rover/Sport PHEV (2019) $7,087
Range Rover/Sport PHEV (2020-2022) $6,295
LINCOLN
Aviator Grand Touring (2020-2022) $6,534
Corsair Reserve Grand Touring PHEV (2021) $6,843
McLAREN
Artura (2022) $4,585
MERCEDES-BENZ
S550e Plug-in Hybrid (2015-2017) $4,460
GLE550e 4matic (2016-2018) $4,460
GLC350e 4matic (2018-2019) $4,460
GLC350e 4M EQ (2020) $6,462
S560e EQ PHEV (2020) $6,462
C350e (2016-2018) $3,501
MINI
Cooper S E Countryman ALL4 (2018-2019) $4,001
Cooper S E Countryman ALL4 (2020-2022) $5,002
MITSUBISHI
Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-in (2018-2020) $5,836
Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-in (2021-2022) $6,587
POLESTAR
Polestar 1 (2020-2021) $7,500
PORSCHE
Cayenne S E-Hybrid (2015-2018) $5,336
Cayenne E-Hybrid / Coupe (2019-2020) $6,712
Cayenne Turbo S E-Hybrid / Coupe (2021) $7,500
Cayenne E-Hybrid / Coupe (2021-2022) $7,500
Panamera S E-Hybrid (2014-2016) $4,752
Panamera 4 E-Hybrid (2018) $6,670
Panamera 4 E-Hybrid (2019-2020) $6,712
Panamera 4 E-Hybrid (2021) $7,500
SUBARU
Crosstrek Hybrid (2019-2021) $4,502
TESLA
Not currently eligible for these tax credits –––––
TOYOTA
Prius Plug-in Hybrid (2012-2015) $2,500
Prius Prime Plug-in Hybrid (2017-2021) $4,502
RAV4 Prime Plug-in Hybrid (2021) $7,500
VOLVO
S60 (2019) $5,002
S60 (2020-2022) $5,419
S90 (2018-2019) $5,002
S90 (2020-2022) $5,419
V60 (2020-2022) $5,419
XC60 (2018-2019) $5,002
XC60 (2020-2022) $5,419
XC90 (2016-2017) $4,585
XC90 / XC90 Excellence (2018-2019) $5,002
XC90 (2020-2022) $5,419
Updated 11/16/2021 – Latest changes are in bold

Other tax credits available for electric vehicle owners

So now you should know if your vehicle does in fact qualify for a federal tax credit, and how much you might be able to save.

Perhaps, however, you plan to buy the newly refreshed Tesla Model S or you already drive a 2017 Chevy Bolt and no longer qualify for any tax credit… at least not quite yet. Don’t worry! Before giving up hope on your tax break quest for the year, keep in mind the other incentives offered in each state.

State tax incentives

In additional to any federal credit you may or may not qualify for, there are a number of clean transportation laws, regulations, and funding opportunities available at the state level.

For example, in the state of California, drivers can qualify for a $2,000-$4,500 rebate or a $5,000 grant (based on income) on top of any federal credit received. Furthermore, states like California offer priority driving lanes and parking spots for EV drivers who qualify.

In New York, residents can receive either a $500 or $2,000 rebate depending on the base price of the EV purchased. Again, these incentives vary by state, and much like the federal tax credit, are contingent on multiple factors.

To check what incentives you may qualify for, the Alternative Fuels Data Center is a great resource from the US Department of Energy. This page allows you to tap or click your respective state and research what options might be available to you and your electric vehicle.

electric vehicle tax credit

Tax incentives for Tesla buyers

If you’re a current or prospective Tesla owner and have read this far, you’re probably not super psyched right now. Tesla’s record number of sales is great for the automaker, but not for your tax return, right?

Although Tesla’s federal tax credit has driven off toward the sunset like its first-generation Roadster, drivers still have potential incentives at their disposal.

In fact, Tesla has compiled its own database of resources by state to help its customers calculate their potential savings before they even commit to buy.

Additionally, you can tap or click the “customize” link on any Tesla model purchase page. In addition to the “gas savings” tab, you can view “incentives” to check what tax credits may be available to you.

electric vehicle tax credit

It’s also important to note that all incentives mostly apply to purchases by cash or loan only. Incentives for customers leasing a Tesla are currently only available in California, Colorado, Massachusetts, New York, and Tennessee.

Tax incentives on electric vehicles are worth the research

Hopefully this post has helped to incentivize you to use the resources above to your advantage.

Whether it’s calculating potential savings or rebates before making a new EV purchase or determining what tax credits might already be available to you for your current electric vehicle, there is much to discover.

Ditching fossil fuels for greener roadways should already feel rewarding, but right now the government is willing to reward you further for your environmental efforts.

Use it to your full capability while you can, because as more and more people start going electric, the less the government will need to reward drivers.

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