Several have tried and failed, but Nio might have figured out how to make battery swapping viable for electric cars as it completes its 500,000th swap.
Over the years I have been covering electric vehicles, I’ve seen several companies attempt to add value to EVs by using swappable battery packs.
The idea is that if charging takes longer than refueling a tank of gas, we could just swap a battery pack for a fully charged one.
A startup called Better Place built its entire business model around it and went bankrupt.
Tesla rolled out its own battery swapping technology back in 2014, but it only built one battery-swapping station and quickly killed the project.
It’s why we were a bit skeptical when Nio, a Chinese EV manufacturer, launched its own battery-swapping scheme with its first electric vehicles back in 2018.
Today, they are proving that battery swapping actually works as they announce having completed their 500,000th battery swap:
“As of May 26, 2020, NIO Power has completed over 500,000 battery swaps, becoming one of NIO’s most well-received power services.”
Nio’s battery swapping system can perform a fully-automatic battery swap in 3 minutes.
The automaker wrote in a press release:
“Power Swap is at the core of NIO’s “chargeable, swappable, upgradable” user experience, alongside a comprehensive battery and vehicle e-powertrain inspection. The infrastructure also enables users to continuously enjoy the benefits of the development of battery technology, with the ease of upgrading to a higher capacity and better performance simply through swapping.”
Nio’s battery swap stations are concentrated in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, but it is expanding with 131 stations across China.
Here’s the impressive timeline of milestones for Nio Power Swap:
|December 16, 2017||Power Swap debuts at NIO Day 2017|
|May 20, 2018||NIO opens its first battery swap station in Nanshan High Tech Industrial Park, Shenzhen|
|November 15, 2018||NIO launches 18 battery swap stations a long the G4 Beijing Hong Kong Macau Expressway|
|December 15, 2018||NIO launches 8 battery swap stations along the G2 Beijing Shanghai Expressway|
|April 15, 2019||NIO Power Swap receives Red Dot Award: Product Design 2019|
|August 24, 2019||NIO awards the first owners of its products a lifetime of free battery swap services|
|May 20, 2020||The 131st battery swap station opens, the first in Foshan|
|May 25, 2020||NIO Power completes the 500,000th battery swap at the power swap station in Shanghai Auto Expo Park|
That’s a great accomplishment in my opinion. Nio is establishing battery swaps as a viable option for some EV owners.
I think their success is attributed to their battery rental system:
“Nio allows consumers to rent an EV battery pack for the day — potentially a big pack for a long trip — for as little as $10 a day.”
Customers appear to like that option.
With Nio’s success, we might see a resurgence of battery swapping in the EV industry, but I think it’s unlikely to become more than a niche part of the charging equation as battery pack achieve longer range and charging becomes faster.
Ultimately, people will prefer keeping their packs inside their vehicles.
However, I could see battery swapping become extremely successful in commercial electric vehicles. Fleet owners could swap packs at their own facilities and share battery packs between many electric trucks.
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