Did you just get a new e-bike for the holidays? Or have you already been riding all year but now find yourself met with the cold new reality of winter e-biking? Here are tips from several e-bike manufacturers to get the most out of your e-bike and your winter riding experience.
Winter electric bike tips
The single most critical component of any e-bike is the battery. And batteries require extra care in cold temperatures.
The most important thing to remember is to not leave your battery outside in the cold for long periods of time. One night sitting outside won’t kill your battery, so don’t freak out if you forget it. But it’s not good for its longevity to make a habit out of letting it sit in cold, wet environments
It’s also important to note that you should never charge the battery when its temperature is below freezing (32F or 0C).
Electric bike company VanMoof explained that a “battery can’t charge below 0C/32F. That’s why it’s even better to store your bike inside at room temperature when temperatures outside hit an extreme low — it’ll charge better and take you further on those winter rides.”
Of course if your e-bike has a removable battery, you can just bring the battery inside. If there’s space though, your entire e-bike will appreciate coming in from the cold, harsh winter weather.
If you end up riding less in winter (or not at all), you’ll definitely want to store your battery inside. You should avoid storing it with a full charge though, as it’s not as healthy for the battery.
Experts still debate the optimal storage voltage for batteries (usually claiming something in the 40-80% charge range), but it is generally accepted that a half charge is a good storage level, and that’s what e-bike manufacturer Juiced Bikes recommends.
As Juiced continued:
Ideally, you want to keep your charge at about 50% capacity when storing. Now, the battery will self-discharge over time – so if you’re not riding for two months or more, be sure to check the charge every so often and charge back up to 50% when needed.
VanMoof also says that it’s important to wipe down your e-bike after riding to remove salty mud or snow.
Most e-bikes use rust-resistant components, but there are still many areas that can corrode if left with a salty glaze.
Again, you don’t have to go crazy with your routine.
But occasionally adding some soap into the mix can help better remove the nasty things that winter likes to stick to your bike.
As VanMoof explained, “If you ride every day, give your bike a weekly wipe-down with some water and soap.”
Juiced Bikes also recommends starting slow with rides, especially if this is your first winter on an e-bike.
As the company explained:
“Riding in the winter is NOT like riding during other seasons. When you go out on your first winter ride, it’s essential to start off slow and acknowledge your experience level. Newbies should take a test ride without the motor on at first, just to get a feel for the terrain. No matter what, drive more slowly than you would in the summer and always give yourself more time for braking. You never know when you may hit a patch of black ice!”
Ice can be a serious issue for e-bikes. While cars simply spin, e-bikes don’t have the advantage of four-wheel stability. Losing traction on ice usually means going down hard.
To avoid that, Juiced Bikes recommends choosing winter tires based on the type of riding you do:
“Change your tires to studded models for hard-packed snow and ice or fat knobby tires for softer snow. You may even want to heat-shrink your cable connections and LCD screen for extra protection from rain and snow. “
Canadian-based electric bicycle company Biktrix’s founder Roshan Thomas described to Electrek how fat tires are the best option when it comes to riding in loose snow.
The increased air volume allows lower pressures, which work better for loose terrain like snow.
As he explained:
A common 26″x4″, or 26″x4.8″ or 27.5″x4″ fat tire works amazing in the snow because you can run these at very low pressures. I find that 5-20 PSI makes the rubber just float on the snow. For riding conditions where there is underlying ice, it’s best to get these tires studded.
Rad Power Bikes described how short days and limited winter visibility mean that bike lighting is more important than ever.
As the company explained:
In high traffic areas or roadways that require boosted lighting – such as trails absent of lampposts – additional brightness may help you navigate the winter months.
While most e-bikes come with LED lighting that runs off the main battery, adding stronger lights can be a good idea.
Rad offers more powerful e-bike lights with twice the lumens that can be swapped out for the basic lights that come with each bike.
Other companies also offer higher power light upgrades, so it’s worth checking if your e-bike has that option. If not, some powerful mountain bike lights are a good idea.
Rad Power Bikes also points out how important it is to dress for the weather:
Ever biked in cold temperatures without gloves? Pro tip: don’t. Frostbite is a real condition that can happily be avoided with water-resistant gloves, apparel, and shoes.
Your hands are exposed to the air rushing around the handlebars, quickly chilling fingers to the bone. Even good gloves can get chilly after a while. The warmest options are often big and bulky, making it hard to operate the brakes and shifters.
Bar mitts are a great alternative option. They mount on the handlebars and protect your hands from the rushing cold air. That means you can get away with wearing normal, lighter gloves like you’d use on a normal day when not riding. Rad offers their own version that has extra wide hand holes to better accomodate the sleeves of your coat.
Another area to protect is your neck. An old-fashioned scarf works well, but a tube scarf/neck gaiter or even a balaclava are even better options.
Both can better protect the lower half of your face than a typical scarf, and the balaclava can pretty much cover everything. Or you could go full bank robber with a ski mask.
Stay safe while winter e-biking!
If you want to keep riding your e-bike throughout the winter, then more power to you. It’s definitely possible, but you’ll want to make sure you consider these important tips to take care of your e-bike and yourself.
Stay safe out there this winter and happy trails!
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