The threat of the coronavirus is causing global automakers to suspend production. The short-term impact is to delay the rollout of the next wave of EVs, such as VW’s ID.3. Volkswagen today said that it’s suspending production “in the near future” at factories across Europe, including in Zwickau, Germany, where the ID.3 is produced.

Nearly every other global automaker, with the exception of GM and Tesla, is temporarily suspending production. See our updates.

Here’s the latest:

  • (3/18/20) Nissan plants to idle all three of its US plants starting Friday. That will include its Smyrna, Tenn. assembly plant where the Nissan Leaf is produced. Facilities will be shut down from March 20 to April 6.
  • (3/18/20) CNBC reports that the Big Three automakers plan to close all US auto factories as the coronavirus sweeps across the country.
  • (3/18/20) Production of EVS at Nissan’s flagship UK factory in Sunderland has been suspended “until the end of this week.”
  • (3/18/20) On Monday night, Alameda County spokesman Ray Kelly told the Los Angeles Times that the county had determined that Tesla qualified as an “essential business.” That would allow Tesla’s Fremont factory to bypass the Bay Area’s “shelter-in-place” decree. Exceptions are mostly focused on healthcare, food, shelter, and social services. Later in the day, an official tweet from the Alameda County Sheriff corrected the reporting. The sheriff said that Tesla’s Fremont, California, car factory is not an “essential business” and can only maintain “minimum basic operations.” Nonetheless, witnesses reported that Tesla’s Fremont factory is still in operation through late Tuesday. On Wednesday, Tesla committed to reducing its workforce from about 10,000 people to about 2,500 at its Fremont factory.
  • (3/17/20) A General Motors employee who works at the company’s engineering center in Warren, Mich., tested positive for the novel coronavirus, GM said Tuesday. The person is the first GM employee in North America known to have the virus.
  • (3/17/20) The United Auto Workers union called on the Big Three automakers – GM, Ford, and Fiat Chrysler – to shut down factories in the US for two weeks over concerns about the spread of COVID-19. UAW vice president Terry Dittes said in a written statement: “It is important that our members are quarantined in accordance with U.S. Government Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines. The UAW is working with GM to inform any members who should be in quarantine.”

Read about other impacts on EVs from the coronavirus.

Europe

Volkswagen’s works council argued that workers couldn’t maintain a safe distance from each other to prevent contagion. Despite imminent closures, VW CEO Herbert Diess said the company would stay on track with its rollout of the ID.3.

Diess said, “We are standing by our electrification plan.” The German automaker plans to deliver “30,000 ID.3 electric cars almost at once” when they start deliveries this summer.

On Monday, Volkswagen said it had also closed its Chattanooga plant at least for one day. In November, Volkswagen broke ground on a new plant in Chattanooga to produce the all-electric ID.4 (ID Crozz) starting in 2022. Workers returned to the assembly plant on Tuesday.

The company is putting the current Chattanooga plant through “deep cleaning,” while it assesses a plan going forward. The factory was closed Monday and provided paid time off so workers can assess child care needs and make arrangements.

Audi, VW’s luxury brand, said separately it would halt output at its plants in Belgium, where the e-tron is produced. And Daimler decided today to interrupt the majority of its production “for an initial two weeks.” These steps will further crimp production of the e-tron and EQC all-electric SUVs, which already faced battery-supply constraints.

Porche said on March 18 that it will stop production at its German plants. The work stoppage will last at least two weeks. Porsche said the global supply chain makes it impossible to continue output as normal.

In February, Volvo-Geely said it expected to lose at least two weeks of production and supply due to the coronavirus. Volvo’s Polestar electric sub-brand has a factory in Chengdu.

French carmaker PSA said it was closing its European factories until March 27. Renault said it would suspend industrial activities in France, closing 12 sites and sending home 18,000 employees until further notice.

United States

Meanwhile, Tesla is defying a “shelter in place” order issued in the Bay Area, where its Fremont plant makes most of the company’s cars. We contacted Tesla several times about the status of its Fremont factory, but the automaker didn’t respond.

Elon Musk sent mixed messages to employees. He said that panic about the virus was worse than the virus itself. But he sent an email to employees asking those who feel “the slightest bit ill or even uncomfortable” to not “feel obligated” to come to work. Musk will keep working at Tesla sites. Last month, Tesla had to shut down its Gigafactory Shanghai for several days.

General Motors this week began work to retool the Detroit-Hamtramck plant to make EVs. The relatively small workforce of 70 skilled workers was taking precautions. And all GM factory workers are being screened for signs of illness. A GM spokesperson told Electrek today that the Orion Assembly plant, where the Chevy Bolt is made, is “producing without issue or interruption.”

While Ford is not currently producing electric vehicles, the company closed a plant in Spain after three workers tested positive for the coronavirus. Ford said vehicle and engine production at its manufacturing sites in continental Europe will be down “for a number of weeks,” effective Thursday. A Fiat-Chrysler worker at a Kokomo, Indiana, plant tested positive for the coronavirus last week, and those who may have come in contact with him were told to stay home.

Asia

Nissan suspends production at its Sunderland plant in the UK, where the Nissan Leaf is produced. (It’s not clear if production of the Leaf in Oppama, Japan, was interrupted.) In a company statement, Nissan said, “Further measures are currently under study as we assess supply chain disruption and the sudden drop in market demand caused by the COVID-19 emergency.”

In early February, Hyundai and Kia Motors became the first global automaker to suspend production outside China due to the coronavirus outbreak disrupting parts supply from China. The company said it had gradually increased production in South Korea from Feb. 11.

In mid-February, China’s battery cell-production slowed down due to COVID-19. Wood Mackenzie, a research firm, forecast that 2020 cell output would be reduced by 10%. By the end of February, media was reporting that production had started to ramp back up.

“Major producers have reached rates of 60% to 70%, and the ramp-up of producers that reopened the week of February 24 is expected to continue through early March,” reported Shanghai Metals Market, a research company.

The Impact on EV Sales

Morgan Stanley expects the coronavirus outbreak to reduce all US vehicle sales down 9 percent this year. Colin McKerracher, a transportation analyst with BloombergNEF, said he expects EV sales to grow in Europe this year, despite a contraction in the overall vehicle market.

“People aren’t shopping for cars right now,” said Ram Chandrasekaran, a transportation consultant at Wood Mackenzie. He questioned if first-time EV buyers would be willing to make the switch to electric under the current economic conditions.

To stimulate sales of all vehicles, not just EVs, GM Financial is offering 0% financing for seven years, as well as four months deferred payments for buyers with A+ credit. Ford on Monday announced a program giving customers who buy new vehicles the option to delay their first payment for 90 days.

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